Backyard Composting

5 Easy Steps to Successful Composting

Step 1: Place Bin
Place your bin on a level, well drained and partly sunny location, where it will be easy to get to in the summer AND winter.

Step 2: Create Base Layer
Create a base layer of leaves, straw or twigs at the bottom of the bin. This allows air to circulate and provides good drainage.

Step 3: Add Materials
Add a mixture of Greens and Browns. Green material is high in nitrogen and moisture and brown material are drier, provide fibre and carbon and allow for air pockets to form.

Green Material Brown Material
  • Raw fruit and vegetable peelings or leftovers
  • Coffee grounds, tea leaves and bags
  • Egg shells
  • Fresh grass clippings
  • Fresh plant and garden waste
  • Dried leaves
  • Dried grass
  • Straw
  • Twigs and small brush
  • Shredded newspaper
  • Coffee filters, paper towels, napkins (unbleached is best)
  • Wood chips and shavings
  • Cardboard, paper egg cartons

Do not include meat, fish, bones, fats, oils, dairy, grains, cooked food

Step 4: Mix and Regulate Moisture
Mix bin contents every 1 -2 weeks and ensure the materials are as moist as a wrung out sponge. If the compost is too dry, add wet food waste or water. If the compost is too wet add more brown materials.

Step 5: Use Compost
Composting usually takes 3-9 months and once it is finished looks dark brown, almost black soil-like material often found at the bottom of the bin. Separate finished material and return unfinished material back to the bin for further composting.

Spread the finished material onto your garden, lawn or vegetable patch. Mix it in or use it as a mulch around trees and shrubs.


A Guide to Backyard Composting
A Guide to Green Cone Food Digester
A Guide to Worm Composting
Keep Rodents Out of your Composter


Composting 101 - How to Compost
How to use a Green Cone Food Digester

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